Eventloop module is the foundation of other modules that run their code asynchronously inside event loops and threads. It provides efficient management of asynchronous operations without multithreading overhead. Particularly useful for building client-server applications with high-performance requirements.
- Eventloop utilizes Java’s NIO to allow asynchronous computations and I/O operations (TCP, UDP).
- Eliminates traditional bottleneck of I/O for further business logic processing.
- Can run multiple eventloop threads on available cores.
- Minimal GC load: arrays and byte buffers are reused.
- Eventloop can schedule/delay certain tasks for later execution or background execution.
- Eventloop is single-threaded, so it doesn’t have concurrency overhead.
represents an infinite loop, where each
loop executes all the tasks that are provided by Selector or stored in
special queues. Each of these tasks should be small and its execution is called
The only blocking operation of Eventloop infinite loop is Selector.select(). This operation selects a set of keys whose corresponding channels are ready for I/O operations. With these keys and queues with tasks, eventloop asynchronously executes them in one thread in the overridden method run() (Eventloop is an implementation of Runnable).
Eventloop works with different types of tasks that are stored in separate queues:
|Local tasks||Added from current Eventloop thread|
|Concurrent tasks||Added from other threads|
|Scheduled tasks||Scheduled to be executed later|
|Background tasks||Same as Scheduled, but if there are only Background tasks left, Eventloop will be closed|
Eventloop will be stopped if its queues with non-background tasks are empty, Selector has no selected
keys and the amount of concurrent operations in other threads equals 0. To prevent Eventloop from closing, apply
keepAlive flag. When it’s set true, Eventloop will continue running even without tasks.
- BasicExample - a simple example of an eventloop which prints out a “Hello World” message.
- EventloopExample - represents the sequence of operations execution in eventloops.
$ git clone https://github.com/activej/activej
And import it as a Maven project. Check out tag v4.1. Before running the examples, build the project.
These examples are located at activej -> examples -> core -> eventloop.
In this example we create an eventloop, post a task to it (which is printing out “Hello World” message) and then start the eventloop:
This example represents how tasks are scheduled in eventloops:
If you run the example, you’ll receive an output which looks something like this: